The Huangyaguan Great Wall is situated
in the mountainous area of Ji County in Tianjin
City, which is 130 km east of Beijing. Originally
constructed in the Northen Qi Dynasty (550-557)
and it was repaired by General Qi Jiguang in the
Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). The Huangyaguan Great
Wall connects the Malanguan Pass in the east in
Hebei Province and the General Pass in the east
in Beijing City with a total length of 42 kilometers,
and 52 watch towers and 14 beacon towers were
built along this section. The rock and cliff to
the east of the pass are always yellowish at the
dusk, hence its name. This section of the wall
was restored again between 1984-1986, and opened
to the public in 1987. There are 20 watch towers
being restored with total length of 3 kilometer.
The Huangyaguan Great Wall was built
on an abrupt mountain ridge. Being endowed with
both natural beauty and cultural interest, it's
divided into two areas: Huangyaguan Pass and Taipingzhai
Huangyaguan Pass This section is 2152 meters long
and combined with the Huangya Fortress, the water
pass, watch towers, the frontier cities, the Bagua
Castle, as well as military facilities. The defense
system of the wall is still intact. The Phoenix
Fortress, located in the north of the pass, was
one of the beacon towers left from ancient times
to deliver message in case of emergency. The Bagua
Castle was built on the idea of Eight Diagrams,
which come from the ancient philosopy, the Book
of Changes. Even the enemy could break into the
pass, they would easily got lost and attacked
by the soldiers. A Great Wall Museum and Forest
of Steles were established when the restoration
was going in 1980s.
Taiping Mountain Stronghold
Six miles northwest of Huangyaguan Pass and built
400-500 meters above sea level, the stronghold
is located in Xiaopingan Village. There are 6
watch towers along the 873-meter-long mountain
ridge. It controls the Chongshan Valley east of
Huangyaguan Pass. The Widow Tower was built in
the western end of this section. It is said that
12 wives contributed their smart money to build
a watch tower when they came here to find their
husbands were dead. A rock statue of Qi Jiguang
was erected here in memory of his great work to
defend the captial.
The Huangyaguan Great Wall retains
Strong: With its walls and towers built on mountain
ridge with an average altitude of 738 meters,
the Huangyaguan is really overwhelming. To the
east there is the cliff, and the west, crags.
It winds its way across mountains like a dragon.
Guarding a stronghold, it has been the north entrance
of Ji County.
Steep: On the mountains with peaks rising one
higher than another, the wall jumps its way up
and down as a linkage between the cliff and crags.
Since the mountain is sloppy, the steps are very
high. In some sections, it looks like that the
wall is running straight up or down. When you
look down, you will feel dizzy at the sight.
Ancient: With a history of over 1400
years, the ancient wall was reserved well until
today. In Ming Dynasty, it was added with walls
made of bricks. The International Great Wall Marathon
was held here every May from 1999, and a part
of the race is on the wall. More than 1500 runners
attended the event in 2009.
Tianjin Travel Attractions
Family Grand Courtyard
New Year's paintings