Located at Yangguan East Road in Dunhuang
City, Dunhuang Museum was set up in 1979 and the
construction covers an area of 2400 square meters.
Housing more than 4000 cultural relics,
the museum is divided into three sections. The
first section displays written sutras from cave
no.17 of Mogao Grottoes, one of the four most
famous archaeological finds in 20th century. They
provide the real evidence of Buddhist activities
in Chinese history.
The second section exhibits artifacts unearthed
from graves dating back to the Han, Jin, Sui,
and Tang Dynasties. There is a stone pagoda, a
pottery box, a stone figure of a beast, as well
as lotus and kylin bricks. The kylin brick features
a kind of high-relief and they are extremely unique.
The stone figure of a beast was believed to drive
away monsters or evil and was placed in the grave
in ancient times.
Dunhuang was an important trade center on the
Silk Road. All kinds of merchandise were collected
and distributed from there. The third section
displays a number of exhibits including some exquisite
silk floret brocade, bamboo slips used for writing,
and iron and bronze tools and weapons, all of
which represent Dunhuang's flourishing
There are also two historical relics exhibition
rooms in the museum that house more than 2000
relics excavated from the local area, like paper,
coins, pottery utensils, bricks , tiles and a
model of the Great Wall that appeared during Han
Dynasty and a torch from one of its beacon towers.
Dunhuang Museum reflects the flourishing social
development that took place in Dunhuang and the
cultural exchange between China and the West.
It will help visitors to understand ancient Chinese
Dunhuang Travel attractions